South of the western Mediterranean, in an area characterized in recent decades by its stability and straightforwardness, Morocco has managed to position itself as a benchmark both in the Arab world and in the African context, a leadership that no other country in the world has. Maghreb achieved. Since the current monarch Mohammed VI ascended the throne in 1999 after the death of his father Hassan II, the politics of the Alawite kingdom have changed dramatically, especially in terms of foreign policy. During the reign of Hassan II, Morocco formally applied to join the European Economic Community, now the European Union, in 1984. This accession demand cannot be understood without knowing the reason, which is that Hassan II decided to withdraw from the Organization of African Unity, the current African Union since 2001, and this is due to the fact that the OAU allowed the accession of the Saharan Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) . ) in 1984.